Studying Without the Abitur

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Annika Martens

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General RWTH Information about Prerequisites and Application:
Vocational Qualification

Schedule:

April 1: Application deadline in the RWTH Aachen Registrar's Office

1st week in April: Advising meeting with mandatory registration for exam

2 weeks before the exam: Binding invitation via registered exam for exam

Last week of April: exam

Recommendations for Vocationally Qualified Individuals ( "Nicht-Abiturienten") Preparing for the University Entrance Exam for Medicine and Dentistry

The exam consists of three three-hour sections, one in German, the other two are chosen from three natural science subjects, physics, biology, and chemistry.

German

The German exam focuses on "Communication and Language - How Understanding Can Be Successful". Here it is necessary to know the relevant communication theory assertions made by Karl Bühler, Paul Watzlawick, and Friedemann Schulz von Thun as well as their concrete application to problems in short prose works.

The basic ability to understand and express oneself in German, as required in the "Deutschen Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang" (DSH, Level 2-3) is a prerequisite.

We recommend the following book to prepare for the exam:

Schulz von Thun, F.: Miteinander reden Bd. 1: Störungen und Klärungen, ISBN 978-3-499-17489-6.

Biology
Exam Focuses:

1) Basic building blocks of life

2) Metabolism and Energy Turnover

3) Control, regulation, and information processing

4) Reproduction of animals and humans

5) Genetics

6) Disease and health

On 1) Light microscopic and electron microscopic structure of cells: cell parts and their functions (limitation, cytoplasma, important cell organelles such as the nucleus, mitochondira, ER).

On 2) Dissimilation, aerobic and anaerobic: glycoloysis, citric acid cycle, respiratory chain; zymosis (alcoholic, lactic acid); structure and effect of enzymes.

On 3) Structure and function of neurons: resting and action potential, stimulus conduction, information transfer to synapses, nervous system in vertebrates: central and peripheral nervous system, meaning of vegetative nervous system.

On 4) Sexual reproduction in animals and humans, structure of gametes, zygote formation, embryonic development in humans, fetal period.

On 5) Molecular foundations of herdity: construction of nucleic acids, replication, transcription and translation; chromosome construction, karyogram; types of mutation, focus on humans. Genetically inherited diseases, stem cell analyses and genetic counseling. Fundamental methods of gene technology and applications in humans.

On 6) Components of the immune system in humans, leucocyte functions, construction of antibodies, humoral and cell-mediated immune reaction, active and passive immunization.

We recommend the following book to prepare for the exam:

Abitur Biologie (Dudenverlag)

Physics

We recommend the following book from the Dudenverlag to prepare for the exam, Abitur Physik, Basiswissen Schule, ISBN - 10:3-411-71752-1

The following chapters from this book are focused on in the exam:

Kinematik, Dynamik und Energie, mechanische Arbeit und Leistung (Chapter 2.2, 2.3, 2.4)

Elektrizität und Magnetismus (Chapter 4.1 particularly 4.1.3, Chapter 4.2 particularly 4.2.3, Chapter 4.3 except 4.3.5)

Beugung und Interferenz von Licht (Chapter 5.4)

Quanteneffekte bei elektromagnetischer Strahlung Chapter 6.1 particularly 6.1.3)

Physik der Atomhülle (Chapter 7.1 except "Das quantenmechanische Modell")

Physik des Atomkerns (Chapter 7.2.1 up to and including page 407)

Chemistry
Exam Focuses:

1) Atomic structure, chemical bonds, periodic table

2) Functional groups of OC

3) Reaction of organic bonds

4) Dyes, natural materials

5) Redox reaction and electrochemical processes

6) Kinetics of chemical reactions

The exam is made up of two sections:

Part 1 (Multiple Choice) Basics of Chemistry

Part 2 Working out subject-specific exercises

We recommend the following books to prepare for the exam:

Duden-Verlag, Chemie Abitur (Basiswissen Schule) (without chapters 5.1, 8, 9.6, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6, 11).

Mentor-Lernhilfe, Chemie (- Allgemeine und anorganische Chemie Grundlagen, - Organische Chemie Grundlagen, - Organische Chemie Aufbauwissen)